Roman chamomile essential oil has its own unique properties which are, in some instances, different from the other types of chamomile like German or blue chamomile and Moroccan chamomile (or blue tansy).
So here we’ll learn about the properties, uses and benefits of Roman chamomile essential oil.
Roman Chamomile Essential Oil Properties
Just like German chamomile, Roman chamomile has several names.
It’s sometimes called sweet chamomile and English chamomile. And it has a few botanical names like Chamaemelum nobile and Anthemis nobilis. Be sure to check these names when buying Roman chamomile oil.
Keep in mind that German chamomile has the botanical names Matricaria chamomilla and Matricaria recutita.
Color & Scent
Roman chamomile essential oil has a light grey to pale blue color and a sweet, apple-like smell, similar to chamomile tea. So if you love the smell of chamomile tea, get this essential oil.
What’s in the oil?
The composition of Roman chamomile oil is very different to German chamomile.
Roman chamomile actually contains isobutyl angelate, 2-methylbutyl angelate, isobutyl isobutyrate, methyl 2-methylbutyrate, prenyl acetate, 2-methylbutyl 2-methylbutyrate and 2-methylbutyl acetate.
These compounds may have long and complicated names but they do add to the benefits of this oil.
Roman Chamomile Essential Oil Benefits
Here are a few proven benefits of Roman chamomile essential oil:
- reduces anxiety
- calms and relaxes
- prevents damage from free radicals
- kills bacteria
- kills fungi
- keeps insects away
The studies proving these Roman chamomile benefits are outlined below.
It may reduce anxiety
A 1999 study looked at the effects of Roman chamomile essential oil on anxiety. The researchers divided 103 cancer patients into two groups – an aromatherapy group and a massage group.
The patients in the aromatherapy group were massaged with a blend of Roman chamomile essential oil and a carrier oil while the other group were massaged with only the carrier oil. The researchers then asked the patients to rate their levels of anxiety post-massage.
The results showed both groups felt significantly lower anxiety levels. However, there weren’t major differences (about 1%) between the aromatherapy group and massage group; so the researchers couldn’t conclusively say Roman chamomile oil reduces anxiety.
What they did suggest is the essential oil seemed to enhance the effect of the massage and the overall quality of life of the cancer patients. And that’s not bad at all!
Roman chamomile can help you sleep
This essential oil is a proven sedative (just like chamomile tea).
A 2006 article explored the effects of the smell of Roman chamomile oil on the mood and cognitive function of 80 volunteers. The results showed the volunteers experienced lower alertness, memory, and accuracy; thus proving Roman chamomile has a calming, sedative nature.
So if you’re having trouble sleeping or just want to get a great power nap, reach for Roman chamomile essential oil.
It is antioxidant
Here’s another great benefit of Roman chamomile oil – it’s antioxidant! And this 1993 study provides the proof.
The study tested eleven essential oils including sweet fennel, rosemary, Roman chamomile, lavender, sage, thyme and tarragon. And Roman chamomile was found to be the most antioxidant among the oils tested! Awesome, right?
So you can use Roman chamomile essential oil to neutralize those free radicals that can damage your skin cells’ DNA, affect collagen, cause wrinkles and even cause skin cancer.
It is antibacterial
A 2009 study tested Roman chamomile essential oil against several types of bacteria including Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus. The results showed the essential oil exhibited high antibacterial activity against all the strains tested.
The study also found Roman chamomile contained several antibacterial compounds like 2-methylbutyl 2-methylbutyrate, 2-methylbutyl acetate and prenyl acetate. Way to go Roman chamomile!
It is anti-fungal too
The 2009 same study mentioned above also tested Roman chamomile essential oil on the fungi, Candida albicans. In fact, the study proved the oil was just as powerful against fungi. So use Roman chamomile oil to treat any fungi related skin care and beauty problems you may have.
It is a fumigant and insecticidal
Lastly, Roman chamomile has exhibited both fumigant and insecticidal benefits.
This 2014 study investigated the use of Roman chamomile on Japanese termites and proved the oil exhibited strong fumigant toxicity against the termites.
So keep bugs, flies, and termites away with Roman chamomile essential oil!
Roman Chamomile Essential Oil Uses
You’ve already seen the many benefits of Roman chamomile oil. Now it’s time to get into the uses of this essential oil.
Roman chamomile has proven calming and soothing benefits. So if you want to relax, ease your nerves and anxiety, calm hyperactivity, or have a great nap, add 1-2 drops of this essential oil to your diffuser.
While Roman chamomile is a mild essential oil, you should still do a skin patch test to verify you’re not allergic to it.
To do this, simply add 1-2 drops of the oil to 1 teaspoon of your favorite carrier oil (here’s a great list to choose from). Dab a little of the blend on the inside of your elbow or the back of your ear.
Monitor the area for a few hours. If you find it’s getting red, irritated or burns, wash the area immediately. You may be sensitive or allergic to the oil and shouldn’t use it on your skin. If everything is fine and there’s no redness, then you can use this mix on your body.
You can also blend Roman chamomile with some of the essential oils mentioned earlier like jasmine or ylang ylang for a wonderful, floral massage blend.
You should always check with your doctor before using Roman chamomile essential oil (or any other essential oil for that matter). This is especially important if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or suffer from any health complications.
Where to buy Roman chamomile essential oil
Photo credit (flower): Melanie Shaw